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  1. 考生必须严格遵守各项考场规则

  2. 选择题的答案须用2B铅笔填涂在答题卡上,其它笔填涂的或做在试卷或其它类型答题卡上的答案无效。

  3. 其他题一律用蓝色或黑色钢笔或圆珠笔在答题纸上按规定要求作答,凡做在试卷上或未做在指定位置的答案无效。

  4 .交卷时,请配合监考人员验收,并请监考人员在准考证相应位置签字(作为考生交卷的凭据)。否则,所产生的一切后果由考生自负。

  Section Ⅰ Use of English

  Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Happy people work differently. They’re more productive, more creative, and willing to take greater risks. And new research suggest that happiness might influence___1___firms work, too.

  Companies located in places with happier people invest more, according to a recent research paper.___2___, firms in happy places spend more on R&D ( research and development ). That’s because happiness is linked to the kind of longer-term thinking ___3___ for making investments for the future.

  The researchers wanted to know if the ___4___ and inclination for risk-taking that come with happiness would ___5___the way companies invested. So they compared U.S. cities’ average happiness ___6___by Gallup polling with the investment activity of publicly traded firms in those areas.

  ___7___enough, firms’ investment and R&D intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were ___8___.But is it really happiness that’s linked to investment, or could something else about happier cities ___9___why firms there spend more on R&D? To find out, the researchers controlled for various ___10___that might make firms more likely to invest – like size, industry, and sales – and for indicators that a place was ___11___to live in, like growth in wages or population. The link between happiness and investment generally ___12___even after accounting for these things.

  The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors ___13___to “less codified decision making process” and the possible presence of “younger and less ___14___managers who are more likely to be influenced by sentiment.” The relationship was ___15___stronger in places where happiness was spread more ___16___.Firms seem to invest more in places where most people are relatively happy, rather than in places with happiness inequality.

  ___17___this doesn’t prove that happiness causes firms to invest more or to take a longer-term view, the authors believe it at least ___18___at that possibility. It’s not hard to imagine that local culture and sentiment would help ___19___how executives think about the future. “It surely seems plausible that happy people would be more forward-thinking and creative and ___20___R&D more than the average,” said one researcher.

  1. [A] why         [B] where        [C] how         [D] when

  2. [A] In return      [B] In particular    [C] In contrast   [D] In conclusion

  3. [A] sufficient     [B] famous       [C] perfect       [D] necessary

  4. [A] individualism  [B] modernism    [C] optimism     [D] realism

  5. [A] echo         [B] miss         [C] spoil         [D] change

  6. [A] imagined      [B] measured     [C] invented      [D] assumed

  7. [A] Sure         [B] Odd         [C] Unfortunate    [D] Often

  8. [A] advertised     [B] divided       [C] overtaxed     [D] headquartered

  9. [A] explain       [B] overstate      [C] summarize     [D] emphasize

  10. [A] stages        [B] factors       [C] levels         [D] methods

  11. [A] desirable      [B] sociable      [C] reputable      [D] reliable

  12. [A] resumed      [B] held          [C]emerged       [D] broke

  13. [A] attribute      [B] assign         [C] transfer        [D]compare

  14. [A] serious        [B] civilized      [C] ambitious      [D]experienced

  15. [A] thus          [B] instead        [C] also           [D] never

  16. [A] rapidly        [B] regularly       [C] directly        [D] equally

  17. [A] After          [B] Until          [C] While         [D] Since

  18. [A] arrives         [B] jumps         [C] hints          [D] strikes

  19. [A] shape          [B] rediscover     [C] simplify        [D] share

  20. [A] pray for        [B] lean towards    [C] give away      [D] send out








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