友课MBA加油站英语晨读2018-04-17

友课 2018-04-17 07:00:00

1.artificial [ɑːtɪ'fɪʃ(ə)l]
adj. 人造的,假的
artificial intelligence 人工智能
artificial color 人造色素

2.pirate [ˈpaɪərət]
n. 海盗,盗版
piracy n. 盗版行为 v. 掠夺,翻印

3.confer [kən'fɜː]
v. 授予; 协商,交换意见
n. conference(正式)会议
confer with 协商,交换意见
I need to confer with my lawyer.
我需要跟我的律师商量。
confer on 授予
Diplomas were conferred on members of the graduating class.
给毕业班的学生颁发了毕业文凭。

4.*grant [grɑːnt]
v. 授予,允许,承认,同意
grant permission/ request 给予许可/同意请求
take it for granted /take sb(sth)for granted 想当然,将…视为理所当然
n. 授予物(资助,拨款等)
a government grant 政府拨款/ a student grant 学生助学金

5.*award [ə'wɔːd]
vt. 授予
For his dedication the Mayor awarded him a medal of merit.
为表彰他的奉献精神,市长授予他荣誉奖章。
n. 奖品,奖
Academy Award 奥斯卡金像奖

6.*reward [rɪ'wɔːd]
n. 奖励,报酬,回报
vt. 奖励,奖赏
Current employment laws will be changed to reward effort and punish laziness.
现行雇佣法要变,要奖勤罚懒。

7.*infer [ɪn'fɜː]
v. 推断,作出推论 inference n. 推理,推断
People usually infer an unknown fact from a known fact.
人们通常从已知的事实中推断未知的事实.

8.*refer [rɪ'fɜː]
v. 提到,涉及,参考
In her autobiography she occasionally refers to her unhappy schooldays.
她在自传里间或提起自己不愉快的学生时代。
.reference n. 参考,参照
Reference News 《参考消息》

9.*prefer [prɪ'fɜː]
v.更喜欢,宁愿
prefer A to B 比起B更喜欢A
I became a teacher because I preferred books and people to politics.
我当老师,是因为我更喜欢书本和人而不是权术。

10.transfer [træns'fɜː]
v./n. 转让,转移,传递
The aim is to transfer power/control/responsibility to self-governing regional councils.
目的是把权力/控制权/责任转移到自治区委员会。

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